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2021年7月托福阅读句子练习(7.20)

更新时间:2021-07-21 17:48:01 来源:网络 阅读量:

【摘要】 星光不问赶路人,时光不负有心人。考必过小编为大家整理了关于“2021年7月托福阅读句子练习(7 20)”的信息,下面我们就一起来看下“2021年7月托福阅读句子练习(7 20)”的内容吧!

2021年7月托福阅读句子练习(7.20)

1. The realistic and naturalistic painters of the mid- and late-nineteenth century were all intently aware of photography—as a thing to use, to learn from, and react to.

(推断题出处。)

2. The images produced by the camera obscura, a box like device that used a pinhole or lens to throw an image onto a ground-glass screen or a piece of white paper, were already familiar—the device had been much employed by topographical artists like the Italian painter Canaletto in his detailed views of the city of Venice.

(发展初期)

3. What was lacking was a way of giving such images permanent form.This was finally achieved by Louis Daguerre (1787-1851), who perfected a way of fixing them on a silvered copper plate. His discovery,the"daguerreotype," was announced in 1839.

(暗示了之后进行技术改进的方向,用于回答随后改进的摄影技术的共同点)

4. Because the medium was so prolific, in the sense that it was possible to produce a multitude of images very cheaply, it was soon treated as the poor relation of fine art,rather than its destined successor.

(句子简化题:因果逻辑关系。)

5. Scientific experiments made by photographers such as Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904) and Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904) demonstrated that the movements of both humansand animals differed widely from the way they had been traditionally represented in art. Even those artists who were most dependent on photography became reluctant to admit that they made use of it, in case this compromised their professional standing.

(摄影给绘画艺术带来的好处:事实信息题出处。)

6. The rapid technical development of photography—the introduction of lighter and simple requipment, and of new emulsions that coated photographic plates, film, and paper and enabled images to be made at much faster speeds—had some unanticipated consequences.

7. The new candid photography—unposed pictures that were made when the subjects were unaware that their pictures were being taken—confirmed these scientific results, and at the same time, thanks to the radical cropping(trimming) of images that the camera often imposed, suggested new compositional formats.

(划清主干及其它成分再翻译。)

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