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2021CATTI英语翻译学习:词组以及固定搭配积累(6.6)

更新时间:2021-06-08 18:40:44 来源:网络 阅读量:

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2021CATTI英语翻译学习:词组以及固定搭配积累(6.6)

CATTI考试中翻译选材常源于Economist、The New York Times等主流外刊,因此,平日学习中,外刊积累必不可少。

例:Among its overseas projects, DP World is advising on the Khorgos Eastern Gate terminal near the Chinese border with Kazakhstan, an important point on rail routes linking China to Europe.

语法剖析:

Among its overseas projects, DP World is advising on the Khorgos Eastern Gate terminal near the Chinese border with Kazakhstan(主干), an important point(同位语)on rail routes linking(现在分词作后置定语)China to Europe.

词汇详解:

1. terminal /ˈtɜːmɪnəl/

N. ① a place where vehicles, passengers, or goods begin or end a journey.起点站; 终点站

例:Plans are underway for a new terminal at Dulles airport.

正计划在杜勒斯机场修建新的航站大楼。

N. ② A computer terminal is a piece of equipment consisting of a keyboard and a screen that is used for putting information into a computer or getting information from it. (计算机) 终端

例:Mary sits at a computer terminal 30 hours a week.

玛丽每周要在电脑前坐30小时。

N. ③ On a piece of electrical equipment, a terminal is one of the points where electricity enters or leaves it. (电路的) 端头

例:the positive terminal of the battery.

电池的正极。

ADJ. ① A terminal illness or disease causes death, often slowly, and cannot be cured. (疾病) 晚期的; 致命的

例:He was eventually diagnosed as suffering from terminal cancer.

他最后被诊断为癌症晚期。

词汇拓展:

1. terminus /ˈtɜːmɪnəs/

N. ① On a bus or train route, the terminus is the last stop, where the bus or train turns around or starts going in the opposite direction. (铁路或公共汽车路线的)终点站;

例:The station is the terminus of the line.

该车站是这条线的终点。

2. route /ruːt/

N. ① A route is a way from one place to another. 路线

例:...the most direct route to the center of town.

……去镇中心最直接的路线。

N. ② A bus, air, or shipping route is the way between two places along which buses, planes, or ships travel regularly. (公共汽车的) 行车路线; (飞机、轮船的) 航线

例:...the main shipping routes to Japan.

……去往日本的主要轮船航线。

N. ③ Your route is the series of visits you make to different people or places, as part of your job. 巡访

例:He began cracking open big blue tins of butter cookies and feeding the dogs on his route.

他开始打开装着奶油曲奇的蓝色大罐子,巡访途中喂起那些狗来。

N. ④ You can refer to a way of achieving something as a route. 途径

例:Researchers are trying to get at the same information through an indirect route.

研究者们正试图通过一条间接途径获取同样的信息。

N-IN-NAMES ① In the United States, Route is used in front of a number in the names of main roads between major cities. (……号) 公路

例:From San Francisco take the motorway to the Broadway-Webster exit on Route 580.

从旧金山走高速公路到580号公路百老汇—韦伯斯特出口。

V-T ① If vehicles, goods, or passengers are routed in a particular direction, they are made to travel in that direction. 为……规定路线

例:Trains are taking a lot of freight that used to be routed via trucks.

火车正在运送过去由卡车运送的大批货物。

PHRASE ① En route to a place means on the way to that place. En route is sometimes spelled on route in nonstandard English. 在途中

例:They have arrived in London en route to the United States.

他们在前往美国的途中已中途到达伦敦。

PHRASE ② Journalists sometimes use en route when they are mentioning an event that happened as part of a longer process or before another event. 在……的过程中; 在……之前

例:We stopped for a picnic en route.

我们中途停下来野餐。

短语积累:

1. advise (one) on (something)

to share insight or recommendations on a particular topic with one.就……提出建议

例: My lawyer advised me on how to handle my mother’s estate.

我的律师为我提供了如何处理母亲财产的建议。

2. link to (someone or something)

to have a connection with someone or something. 把……和……连接;把……和……联系起来

例:Long-term use of the medication has been linked to heart failure, respiratory issues,

and muscular atrophy.

长期使用该药物与心力衰竭,呼吸系统问题和肌肉萎缩有关。

3. DP World (Dubai Ports World) 迪拜环球港务集团

4. Khorgos Eastern Gate霍尔果斯东门

参考译文:

在海外项目中,迪拜世界港口公司正在为哈萨克斯坦靠近中国边境的霍尔果斯东门(Khorgos Eastern Gate)无水港提供咨询。这里是连接中国与欧洲的铁路上的重要节点。

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