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2021年CATTI 英语翻译实务翻译练习 :World's busiest airport

发布时间:2021-04-29 17:58:45 来源:网络 阅读量:

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2021年CATTI 英语翻译实务翻译练习 :World's busiest airport

Seven of the world's top 10 busiest airports in 2020 were in China while the former world's busiest airport -- Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in the United States -- fell to No. 2 in the rankings after 22 consecutive years in the top spot.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport in China was the world's busiest airport in 2020, rising to the No. 1 spot from its No. 11 ranking in 2019, according to preliminary figures released Thursday by airport trade organization Airports Council International (ACI).

Dramatic shifts in the top 10 list for passenger numbers -- and the decimation of global air traffic overall -- is of course because of the Covid-19 pandemic that continues to disrupt travel all over the globe.

decimation / ˌdesɪˈmeɪʃn / n. 大批杀害;每十人杀一人;大量毁灭

Guangzhou saw 43.8 million passengers in 2020, down 40% from 2019. Atlanta had 42.9 million passengers last year, a precipitous 61% drop from 2019.

precipitous / prɪˈsɪpɪtəs / adj. 险峻的;(变化)急剧的;轻率的,鲁莽的

Atlanta's fall from the top slot is expected to be temporary, according to Patrick Lucas, ACI World's vice president for economics.

slot / slɑːt / n. 位置;狭槽;水沟;硬币投币口

"While the industry recovers, we expect ATL to retake its spot at the top in the coming years," Lucas said.

Airports in the Chinese cities of Chengdu, Shenzhen, Kunming, Shanghai and Xi'an were also among the top 10 in 2020, rising from 2019 rankings as low as No. 46 (Shanghai's Hongqiao International Airport) to break into the top 10.

break into 闯入,破门而入

Beijing Capital International Airport, which has often held the No. 2 ranking and held that spot in 2019, dropped to No. 6 on the 2020 list.

Global air traffic plunges

In 2020, air passenger traffic around the world fell by nearly 65%, according to ACI figures. Passenger traffic at the 10 busiest airports in 2020 dropped by nearly 46%.

"The data published today reveals the challenge airports continue to face, and it remains imperative that the industry is supported through direct support and sensiblepolicy decisions from governments to ensure that aviation can endure, rebuild connectivity, and fuel a global economic recovery," ACI World Director General Luis Felipe de Oliveira said in a statement.

imperative / ɪmˈperətɪv / adj. 必要的,不可避免的;紧急的;命令的,专横的;势在必行的;[语]祈使的

sensible / ˈsensəbl / adj. 明智的;通情达理的;合乎情理的;意识到的,能感觉到的

"The findings show that the impact remains uneven with different regions experiencing different challenges and requiring different policy decisions and support from governments to lay the foundation for recovery," he said.

ACI doesn't expect global passenger traffic to recover to 2019 levels before 2024, according to Lucas.

In addition to Atlanta, two other airports in the United States made it into the top 10: Dallas/Fort Worth International at No. 4 (up from No. 10 in 2019) and Denver International at No. 7 (up from No. 16 in 2019).

No European airports were in the top 10 in 2020; London and Paris made the list in 2019. Dubai and Tokyo also dropped off the list in 2020.

Domestic air travel

ACI noted that domestic air travel is beginning to rebound in many places, while international air travel remains heavily restricted.

China's strong showing in the top 10 is due in part to less broadly restricted domestic travel in China, where the novel coronavirus emerged in late 2019 and was aggressively beaten back with strict lockdowns.

The nation is the world's second-largest domestic travel market, after the United States.

International travel in China is still highly restricted, Lucas noted, forcing many travelers who might have traveled internationally to travel within China.

While some signs of recovery are emerging, ACI's leader highlighted several critical components for continued improvement.

"A sustained global recovery will only be realized with an escalation of vaccination campaigns, the continued development of digital health passes and coordinated and cohesive policy support from governments," ACI Director General de Oliveira said.

escalation / ˌeskəˈleɪʃn / n. 增加;扩大;逐步上升

背景资料:

国际机场协会ACI于当地时间4月22日公布了2020年全球最繁忙机场排名TOP10,分别从客运量、货运量和飞机起降量进行分类排名。受疫情影响,2020年全球十大最繁忙机场的客运量下降了45.7%。总体而言,世界各地机场的客运量下降了64.6%。

2020年客运量排名前10的机场有7个在中国,所在城市分别是广州、成都、深圳、北京、昆明、上海、西安。其中,广州白云机场旅客流量居世界首位;上海虹桥国际机场从2019年的第46位上升到2020年的第9位;成都双流机场的客运量较19年跌幅只有27.1%,深圳以28.4%紧随其后。北京首都机场受到疫情和大兴机场分流的双重打击,客流跌65.5%。

2020年,全球十大繁忙机场的航空货运量增长了3%,可归因于对在线消费品、药品和个人防护设备的需求增加。中国有三座机场上榜,分别为香港机场、上海浦东机场和台北桃园机场。

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