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2020年 CATTI三级笔译真题中的固定搭配及形近义词辨析

发布时间:2020-10-07 17:12:32 来源:网络 阅读量:

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2020年 CATTI三级笔译真题中的固定搭配及形近义词辨析

① Since writing home to their parents for money, they had lived___hope

A. in

B. for

C. on

D. through

解析:live in hope为固定搭配,意思是生活在希望中;乐观地期待着

live for:为…而活;盼望

live on:靠…过活;以…为收入来源;以…为主食

live through:度过;经受住

固选A

② Martin has created enough memorable___to make it easy to forgive his lows.

A. youngsters

B. nobles

C. highs

D. miserables

解析:固定搭配。High在此处是名词,表“高水平,高额数字,高潮”,在本句中与low构成对比:成功之处与败笔。

固选C

③ All students have free___to the library.

A. passageway

B. entrance

C. permission

D. access

解析:have access to为固定搭配,表示得以接近(或进入),享有机会

而A. passageway过道,出入口

B. entrance 入口,进入;如:Police have not yet explained how the men gained entrance to the gallery.警察还没有解释这些人是如何进入画廊的。

C. permission 许可,允许,后常接动词不定式

固选D

④We were working_____time to get everything ready for the exhibition.

A.against

B.in

C.on

D.ahead

解析:固定搭配。A.work against time抢时间完成工作;

B.in time及时;

C.on time按时、准时;

D.ahead表“提前”时一般用ahead of

固选A

⑤If cauliflowers are not ______ from extreme temperatures, the heads get discolored.

A. protected

B. shelter

C. shade

D. saved

解析:固定搭配。此处注意不同的动词词组含义不同:

A. protect sb./sth.保护,防卫,如:protect a person from harm保护某人免受伤害.protect既指防御现实的危险、危害,又指防御将来的或可能的危险、危害,既可用于自然现象,又可用于社会现象。此处用来表示保护花椰菜免受极端气温的侵害,防止菜花脱色。

B. shelter from躲避,避难,如:shelter from trouble避开麻烦,

C. shade from为„„遮光,遮蔽,如:She shaded her eyes from the sun with her hands.她用手遮在眼睛上方挡住阳光。

D. save from救助,拯救,保全(以免损失、伤害),如:save sb. from drowning拯救某人免于溺毙

固选A

⑥The most important ______ of the farmers in Iraq is dates, of which Iraq is the world's leading exporter.

A. economic crop

B. cash crop

C. money crop

D. staple

解析:固定搭配。A.economic crop 不这样用,“经济作物”应为 cash crop;

C.money crop 不符合英语习惯;

D. staple 主要产品(或商品),原材料。

另:a food crop 粮 食作物,an oil-bearing crop 油料作物。

固选B

⑦ The president cannot to the reception, so I am representing the company on his ______

A. interest

B. account

C. position

D. behalf

解析:固定搭配。D. on one’s behalf意为“代表某人”;

A. interest 兴趣,爱好;

B. account 账户;解释

C. position 位置;职位。

固选D

形近词辨析

potent & potential

potent /ˈpoʊtnt /

① having a strong effect on your body or mind 有强效的;有力的;烈性的;影响身心的

例:a potent drug猛药

a very potent alcoholic brew烈性酒精饮料

a potent argument有力的论据

②powerful 强大的;强有力的

例:a potent force强大的力量

potential

Adjective :[only before noun ] that can develop into sth or be developed in the future 潜在的;可能的

例:potential customers潜在的客户

a potential source of conflict潜在的冲突根源

a potential prime minister未来的首相

noun:① [uncountable ] the possibility of sth happening or being developed or used 可能性;潜在性

例:potential (for)

the potential for change变革的可能性

potential(for doing sth)

The European marketplace offers excellent potential for increasing sales.欧洲市场带来了扩销的大好机遇。

② [uncountable ] qualities that exist and can be developed潜力;潜质

例:All children should be encouraged to realize their full potential.

应当鼓励所有的儿童充分发挥他们的潜能。

She has great potential as an artist.

她很有潜质,是一位可造就的艺术家。He has the potential to become a world-class musician.

他有潜力成为世界级的音乐家。

The house has a lot of potential.这所房子颇具潜力。

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